Former Celebrity Assistant Brian Daniel Reinvents Domestic Staffing

The demand for domestic staffing in Los Angeles and has never been higher, and Brian Daniel is filling that need for exclusive personal assistants who have experience working for celebrities, sports figures, entrepreneurs, media moguls, and icons of industry.

Many employment agencies in Los Angeles claim to be celebrity staffing agencies, but the reality is that they have a "Jack of all trades" format, which means they have thousands of names in a database and supply maids, nannies, security personnel, groundskeepers, tutors, birthday clowns, and just about anything else you may want. In other words, they try to be all things to all people.

The Celebrity Personal Assistant Network believes that to properly engage in the business of celebrity home staffing, one must unwaveringly commit to service that is truly concierge style. And to cater to movie stars, business executives and the jet set, that means employment agents have to supply them with 24/7/365 service which no standard employment agency or domestic staffing outfit does. The demands of the high net worth are just far beyond the capabilities of most personal assistant recruiters in Los Angeles.

When other employment agencies in Los Angeles are closed, Brian Daniel is answering his phone at night, on weekends, and holidays. "When everyone else is off, I'm on," says Brian Daniel. If that's not enough to separate him from his competitors, Mr. Daniel has actually been a celebrity personal assistant himself. It takes a very special perspective to understand the job, but to also understand how and why a great match is made. The Network has a very high success rate with candidate placements with employers because of their special qualification process.

It is not uncommon for Brian Daniel to spend 3 to 5 hours in the initial face-to-face qualification process just to see if the candidate is up to par. Then the personal assistants are re-interviewed before each and every job submission. The average Los Angeles employment agency just SPAMS prospective clients with resumes in the hopes that they will hire one of their candidates, even if the personal assistant isn't right for the job.

The Network goes well beyond interpreting the job description because Brian Daniel will visit clients' homes to properly assess their needs. Understanding the clients' needs and matching the perfect personal assistant based on those needs is what makes The Network special.

Don't be alarmed if you're not a "celebrity employer" per se because The Celebrity Personal Assistant Network has candidates from all experience levels, with pay ranging from $50,000 to $150,000 a year. Additionally, employers from all industries are welcome because Brian Daniel doesn't deal with just entertainment industry entities.

For more information about hiring a personal assistant in Los Angeles or other cities, please contact The Network by visiting their website Personal Assistant Agency Los Angeles.

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Making the Change to Becoming a Celebrity Personal Assistant

In an overly competitive job market where employees never know if tomorrow will be their last day, many have decided to change careers and become a personal assistant to a celebrity or high net worth family. Fortunately for aspiring candidates, many of their job skills are transferable. Being a personal assistant to the rich and famous requires patience, thick skin, and a can-do attitude.Celebrity PAs are no longer just errand runners because they are the focal point for their employers' business colleagues. Actors, directors, and producers have armies of agents, managers, lawyers, stylists, and publicists that communicate with the personal assistant. So the PA is constantly fielding calls and managing schedules, both personal and professional.

Because personal assistants have access to their employers deepest secretes, discretion
is an absolute must in the industry. Whether the assistant works for an executive, hedge fund manager or entrepreneur, the personal assistant usually has to sign a confidentiality agreement and pass a background check.Sometimes a driving record review and credit check are also required.

The first step to getting interviews to the uber wealthy would be to register with a personal assistant agency that caters to high end clients like book authors, fashion designers, and Fortune 500 executives.Many employment agencies boast of high-profile clients, but be sure to do your homework because most domestic employment agencies mostly place nannies
and maids. Although the garden variety "celebrity staffing agency" may get an occasional order for a personal assistant or estate manager, it's best to register with a personal assistant
headhunter who specializes in placing celebrity Pas. One such agency is The Celebrity Personal Assistant Network, founded by Celebrity PA Brian Daniel.

While it's true that some famous personal assistants can make over $100,000 a year,
the pay can vary wildly. Some celebrity personal assistant jobspay as low as $10 an hour when you factor in all of the hours worked per week. Generally speaking, working outside of the entertainment industry pays more and the jobs usually have better longevity. Working for celebrities can be grueling work and the turnover is high.For that reason, most celebrity personal assistants don't have attachments like a spouse or pets because they are constantly on the move. Flying on private jets and driving exotic cars can be fun, but there is a price to pay and sacrifices must be made.

Some personal assistants to VIPs have gone on to start their own production companies or employment agencies. The balancing act is knowing when to step out of the role and before burnout sets in. For aspiring administrative assistants and office managers that think they have the chops to make it as a personal assistant, getting a well-written book on the personal assistant industry is a must. Having first-hand information about the industry is essential for understanding whether or not the job is feasible. The fast paced role of a celebrity personal assistant is not for everyone, so knowing what pressures and pitfalls that will be faced is worthwhile.

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Celebrities And Their Accessories

Being a celebrity means many things. First, you get a lot of attention. There are those who want it, those who don't and of course, those who say they don't but really do and will do anything to get it. Yes, that one is for you John Mayer. Second, you make boatloads of money. Some celebrities make more than others, but as a group they are among the highest paid people in the world. So, what do you do with all that money and all that attention? You flaunt it, of course!

There is a plethora of things celebrities like to throw their money at; luxury homes, vehicles, expensive trips, yachts, boats, even private jets. Each celebrity has their own personal "vice" that they love indulging in. But the one thing that seems to transcend to every celebrity is the love of jewelry and accessories.

Celebrity Jewelry | Celebrity Fashion Jewelry

Handbags have always been popular among the ladies of tinsel town, but over the last couple years their populari ty has skyrocketed. You will see the same celebrity with a different handbag or purse every day of the week. From Gucci to Burberry to Louis Vuitton the ladies must have the latest and greatest in fashion over their shoulder at all times.
The newest accessory that is sweeping Hollywood is dogs. That's right, no need to rub your eyes, dogs. This trend started only a year or so ago. High profile celebrities began bringing their precious little puppies with them everywhere; department stores, coffee shops even into 5 Star Restaurants. It seems as if no place is off limits. You can catch stars like Blake Lively, Paris Hilton and Leighton Meester carrying their dogs everywhere. It has gone as far as designer clothes, designer food bowls and designer carrying cases for these four-legged friends. Can this get any trendier in 2009, or will it simply disappear?

The last accessory that both men and women fall for is jewelry. This has always been high on the Hollywood Celebrity list and the trend isn't going away anytime soon. From gaudy wedding ring sets, to beautiful sterling silver necklaces and sterling silver earrings today's celebrities wear it, and they make it look good. Even trends like tennis b racelets, anklets and the Tiffany's Mesh Collection have been worn by celebrities over the last year. You will see stars like Beyonce, Victoria Beckham and Kate Hudson wearing the hottest and newest celebrity jewelry trends.

So, no matter what accessory celebrities like to drop big money on, they will spend it and spend it in style.

Buy latest celebrity fashion jewelry at

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How to Read Books Online

If you know where to look, you can find a wide variety of ways to read books online for free without breaking or bending any laws-- even recent bestsellers!

Reading books online is a great way to catch up on your reading, as long as you know where to look. Many books are available on the internet in a variety of formats. There are free (open source) programs available to get your reading material changed into a format you can use, if it happens to end up posted in a format you can't read.

How Ebooks Work-- Software, Formats, and DRM

You will find books for sale and for free in a wide variety of formats online. If you are looking for some free reading material, knowing what to do with the books you find is an important step toward reading your book. Here are many common ways you will find books available online, so you know what you're looking at when you find it.

Webpages/HTML files (ebook.html/ebook.htm)

Many free books come as simple webpages, formatted with basic HTML. To save an e-book formatted as HTML, you can right click and "save as" or use the file menu to "save page as" whatever comes up on the autocomplete. Most books to read online are presented in HTML, but the format will work from your web browser just as well offline as it will when you're connected.

Plain Text Books (ebook.txt)

Some of the places you go to download free books online will offer you plain text files. When you click on the link, it will load right into your browser window, probably with a rather old looking font and a lack of complex formatting. To save a text ebook, right click on the link that takes you to the book and select "save as..." You can save it under whatever name it comes up under, and read it with any basic text editor you have, probably even notepad.

Popular E-book Specific Formats That Might Have DRM

Adobe EPUB (ebook.epub). This format is growing in popularity among some ebook stores and many libraries. If you find a free DRM'd EPUB book you'd like to read, you can download software from Adobe's website to access your book. Lots of reader software and hardware supports non DRM'd EPUB files, making them easy to access. Warning: I've heard many of the ebooks available at Barnes and Noble's new ebook store for the Nook are using a format called "EPUB" that won't work with anything other than a Nook.

Amazon Kindle Format (ebook.azw/ If you find one of these you'd like to read that is available for free, you can download a program on Amazon's website to allow it to show on your computer if you don't have a Kindle. The Kindle's DRM format (AZW) is just like the mobipocket format with a few small changes. Many ebook files can be easily converted to MOBI to use with a Kindle.

Adobe EPUB (ebook.epub). This format is growing in popularity among some ebook stores and many libraries. If you find a free DRM'd EPUB book you'd like to read, you can download software from Adobe's website to access your book. Lots of reader software and hardware supports non DRM'd EPUB files, making them easy to access. Warning: I've heard many of the ebooks available at Barnes and Noble's new ebook store for the Nook are using a format called "EPUB" that won't work with anything other than a Nook.

Palm Ereader (ebook.pdb). Ereader is a DRM ebook format that has a wide range of readers available for many mobile devices, from ipods to PDAs and phones. While there are many ebooks sold in ereader format in various stores, there aren't many dedicated e-book readers that support ereader format because Palm requires the devices that support ereader to only support ereader DRM.

Adobe PDF (ebook.pdf). PDF files are usually saved as images, unfortunately, which makes them a little bit difficult to manage or convert if you don't have a good setup for reading PDFs. Adobe Digital Editions (linked above) will work for managing DRM'd PDF files.

There are many other ebook formats out there, I'm just trying to cover some of the most popular. If you notice an ebook format that you feel is used widely enough to be included in my list, feel free to leave me a note in the comments.

Check our web site for more information about it

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A Great Way to Save Money on iPhone Gaming

With the rise of users of Apple's iPhone, more and more software developers are making really cool games for your mobile on the road. It is said that iphone gaming will rule over the world (of gaming at least), and software developers are responding to such calling. Plug in the iPhone and you are good to go, being on the road should will not be boring that is for sure.

It is one of the great ways to save money to be involved in this because you can still enjoy cool games and graphics with a portion of the cost as compared to other gaming platforms such as Sony and Nintendo. With being more practical with money nowadays a must, the iPhone gaming era is worth considering.

With all of the many game developers out there for the iPhone, you can get any game that tickles your fancy, from puzzles to rpg games and the list goes on. But if your the type of person who wants to have "bang for the buck" games on iPhone gaming without compromising the fun and exci tement, here is a trick that you can do.
Independent software developers launching new exciting games and concepts are the thing to watch out. They opt to launch unique and new games that may bring the iPhone gaming era to a whole new level. Buying ot testing games from them will give you the first hand experience of what is it to come with the future of iPhone gaming.

The good thing about this is that when they launch, you can either have it for free as a tester or for a cheaper price than the iPhone app store, or many have many bonuses. But do not let the price fool you, it is cheap because they are in the launching stage, but may even be cooler and more exciting than more costly games out there.

Many people are doing this not only to save some money, but also to see the promise of the future of iPhone gaming, the independent developers.

Saving money and gaming often do not usually come along, but with the launch of many independent software developers out there such as Bete o Games (, this will definitely sell out. Do not be left behind on the future of gaming, with the with the promise of the future, you are sure to go for more iPhone gaming fun with a portion of the app store.

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2010 Tokyo Game Show

Since 1996, TGS has remains one of the most popular video game expos in the world. Although it primarily targets the Japanese market, it is still used by many famous international video game developers and is used as a venue for demonstrating their upcoming software titles and gaming hardware. This year TGS aims for further growth by enhancing the show's B2B and B2C functions with the goal of becoming "the No.1 Information Network in the Asian Region."

The TGS is held annually by the Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association (CESA) and Nikkei Business Publications, Inc. at the Makuhari Messe located in the famous Japanese city of Chiba. The Tokyo Game Show plans to include new and existing zones this year in its four day long expo.

The General Exhibition area will showcase digital entertainment-related products and services, including game software. The Merchandise Sales area, another standard fare at TGS, is dedicated to selling game-related products. With its format changing for 2010, sales of game software will be allowed to companies (publishers) who are also exhibitors in the General Exhibition Area or other areas.

The Family Area, new for 2010, will exhibit video games, game-related goods, and game-related services targeted for children. TGS will be lifting the limit on the number of game machines to be exhibited this year. The area will be opened to a wider range of exhibitors with the goal of making the show more enjoyable for families. The Game School Area will be designed for schools that engage in video game training.
The PC Online Game Business Area, another 2010 newcomer, shall provide opportunities for presenting and discussing licensing, sales and partnerships of online PC games with the goal of providing a cost-effective means for exhibitors to target businesses and end-consumers alike.

The new Game PC Area will introduce high-performance game PCs, motherboard graphic boards, processors, memory and hard disk drives for gaming PCs. Original game PC products and game software. The Audio-Visual & Gadget Area will showcase audio-visual equipment and other related gadgetry to enhance game playing environments. Examples of such products include 3-D television, 5.1ch audio systems and custom video gaming chairs.

The Mobile Area, new for 2010, will exhibit mobile phone content and mobile-related products access peripheral devices for the iPhone, Android, and Windows Mobile platforms. There will also be a Business Solution Area for B2B purposes as well as an International Career Pavilion designed to meet the global need for hiring new talent by providing opportunities for companies and prospective employees to connect.

In addition to its traditional line-up, the TGS plans to include new programs for 2010 such as the following:

Asian Game Business Summit planning Tours for foreign visitors VISIT JAPAN campaign participation Installation of the International Career Pavilion Introduction of the Media Partner System Programming of online ticket sales for overseas customers International Exchange Zone Installation Business Matching System enhancement New Asian Culture Hub Addition of new Game Science Museum

Although there was initial debate about the show's length, CESA and Nikkei eventually agreed upon a duration of four days in hopes of attracting more attendees. Although initially designed for professional attendees, the Tokyo Game Show allows public attendance in the final two days.

Further details on the Tokyo Game Show can be found at

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Software Testing and QA Interview Questions with Answers

What is quality assurance?

The set of support activities (including facilitation, training, measurement and analysis) needed to provide adequate confidence that processes are established and continuously improved in order to produce products that meet specifications and fit for us

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What is the purpose of the testing?

Testing provides information whether or not a certain product meets the requirements.

What is the difference between QA and testing?

Quality Assurance is that set of activities that are carried out to set standards and to monitor and improve performance so that the care provided is as effective and as safe as possible. Testing provides information whether or not a certain product meets the requirements. It also provides information where the product fails to meet the requirements.

What is software quality'?

OR Define software quality for me, as you understand it?

Quality software is reasonably bug-free, delivered on time and within budget, meets requirements and/or expectations, and is maintainable. However, quality is obviously a subjective term. It will depend on who the 'customer' is and their overall influence in the scheme of things. Each type of 'customer' will have their own slant on 'quality' - the accounting department might define quality in terms of profits while an end-user might define quality as user-friendly and bug-free.

What's the role of documentation in QA?

Critical. (Note that documentation can be electronic, not necessarily paper.) QA practices should be documented such that they are repeatable. Specifications, designs, business rules, inspection reports, configurations, code changes, test plans, test cases, bug reports, user manuals, etc. should all be documented. There should ideally be a system for easily finding and obtaining documents and determining what documentation will have a particular piece of information. Change management for documentation should be used if possible.

Explain the software development lifecycle.

There are seven stages of the software development lifecycle

1. Initiate the project The users identify their Business requirements.

2. Define the project The software development team translates the business requirements into system specifications and put together into System Specification Document.

3. Design the system The System Architecture Team designs the system and write Functional Design Document. During design phase general solutions re hypothesized and data and process structures are organized.

4. Build the system The System Specifications and design documents are given to the development team code the modules by following the Requirements and Design document.

5. Test the system - The test team develops the test plan following the requirements. The software is build and installed on the test platform after developers have completed development and Unit Testing. The testers test the software by following the test plan.

6. Deploy the system After the user-acceptance testing and certification of the software, it is installed on the production platform. Demos and training are given to the users.

7. Support the system - After the software is in production, the maintenance phase of the life begins. During this phase the development team works with the development document staff to modify and enhance the application and the test team works with the test documentation staff to verify and validate the changes and enhancement to the application software.

At what stage of the SDLC does testing begin in your opinion?

QA process starts from the second phase of the Software Development Life Cycle i.e. Define the System. Actual Product testing will be done on Test the system phase (Phase-5). During this phase test team will verify the actual results against expected results.

Explain the pre testing phase, acceptance testing and testing phase.

Pre testing Phase:

1. Review the requirements document for the testability: Tester will use the requirement document to write the test cases.

2. Establishing the hard freeze date: Hard freeze date is a date after which system test team will not accept any more software and documentation changes from development team, unless they are fixes of severity 1 MR's. The date is scheduled so that product test team will have time for final regression.

3. Writing master test plan: It is written by the lead tester or test coordinator. Master test plan includes entire testing plan, testing resources and testing strategy.

4. Setting up MR Tool: The MR tool must be set as soon as you know of the different modules in the product, the developers and testers on the product, the hardware platform, and operating system testing will be done.

This information will be available upon the completion of the first draft of the architecture document. Both testers and developers are trained how to use the system.

5. Setting up the test environment: The test environment is set on separate machines, database and network. This task is performed by the technical support team. First time it takes some time, Afterwards the same environment can be used by the later releases.

6. Writing the test plan and test cases: Template and the tool is decided to write the test plan, test cases and test procedures. Expected results are organized in the test plan according to the feature categories specified in the requirement document. For each feature positive and negative test cases are written. Writing test plan requires the complete understanding of the product and its interfaces with other systems. After test plan is completed, a walkthrough is conducted with the developers and design team members to baseline the test plan document.

7. Setting up the test automation tool: Planning of test strategy on how to automate the testing. Which test cases will be executed for regression testing. Not all the test cases will be executed during regression testing.

8. Identify acceptance test cases: Select subsets that are expected on the first day of system test. These tests must pass to accept the product in the system test.

Acceptance testing phase:

1. When the product enters system test, check it has completed integration test and must meet the integration test exit criteria.

2. Check integration exit criteria and product test entrance criteria in the master test plan or test strategy documents.

3. Check the integration testing sign off criteria sheet.

4. Coordinate release with product development.

5. How the code will be migrated from development environment to the test environment.

6. Installation and acceptance testing.

Product testing phase:

1. Running the test: Execution of test cases and verify if actual functionality of application matches the expected results.

2. Initial manual testing is recommended to isolate unexpected system behavior. Once application is stable automated regression test could be generated.

3. Issue MR's upon detection of the bugs.

What is the value of a testing group? How do you justify your work and budget?

All software products contain defects/bugs, despite the best efforts of their development teams. It is important for an outside party (one who is not developer) to test the product from a viewpoint that is more objective and representative of the product user.

Testing group test the software from the requirements point of view or what is required by the user. Testers job is to examine a program and see if it does not do what it is supposed to do and also see what it does what it is not supposed to do.

What is master test plan? What it contains? Who is responsible for writing it?


What is a test plan? Who is responsible for writing it? What it contains.


What's a 'test plan'? What did you include in a test plan?

A software project test plan is a document that describes the objectives, scope, approach, and focus of a software testing effort. The process of preparing a test plan is a useful way to think through the efforts needed to validate the acceptability of a software product. The completed document will help people outside the test group understand the 'why' and 'how' of product validation. It should be thorough enough to be useful but not so thorough that no one outside the test group will read it. The following are some of the items that might be included in a test plan, depending on the particular project:

Title Identification of software including version/release numbers Revision history of document including authors, dates, approvals Table of Contents Purpose of document, intended audience Objective of testing effort Software product overview Relevant related document list, such as requirements, design documents, other test plans, etc. Relevant standards or legal requirements Trace ability requirements Relevant naming conventions and identifier conventions Overall software project organization and personnel/contact-info/responsibilties Test organization and personnel/contact-info/responsibilities Assumptions and dependencies Project risk analysis Testing priorities and focus Scope and limitations of testing Test outline - a decomposition of the test approach by test type, feature, functionality, process, system, module, etc. as applicable Outline of data input equivalence classes, boundary value analysis, error classes Test environment - hardware, operating systems, other required software, data configurations, interfaces to other systems Test environment validity analysis - differences between the test and production systems and their impact on test validity. Test environment setup and configuration issues Software migration processes Software CM processes Test data setup requirements Database setup requirements Outline of system-logging/error-logging/other capabilities, and tools such as screen capture software, that will be used to help describe and report bugs Discussion of any specialized software or hardware tools that will be used by testers to help track the cause or source of bugs Test automation - justification and overview Test tools to be used, including versions, patches, etc. Test script/test code maintenance processes and version control Problem tracking and resolution - tools and processes Project test metrics to be used Reporting requirements and testing deliverables Software entrance and exit criteria Initial sanity testing period and criteria Test suspension and restart criteria Personnel allocation Personnel pre-training needs Test site/location Outside test organizations to be utilized and their purpose, responsibilties, deliverables, contact persons, and coordination issues Relevant proprietary, classified, security, and licensing issues. Open issues Appendix - glossary, acronyms, etc.

The team-lead or a Sr. QA Analyst is responsible to write this document.

Why is test plan a controlled document?

Because it controls the entire testing process. Testers have to follow this test plan during the entire testing process.

What information you need to formulate test plan?

Need the Business requirement document to prepare the test plan.

What are the entrance and exit criteria in the system test?

Entrance and exit criteria of each testing phase is written in the master test plan.

Enterence Criteria:

- Integration exit criteria have been successfully met.

- All installation documents are completed.

- All shippable software has been successfully built

- Syate, test plan is baselined by completing the walkthrough of the test plan.

- Test environment should be setup.

- All severity 1 MR's of integration test phase should be closed.

Exit Criteria:

- All the test cases in the test plan should be executed.

- All MR's/defects are either closed or deferred.

- Regression testing cycle should be executed after closing the MR's.

- All documents are reviewed, finilized and signed-off.

If there are no requirements, how will you write your test plan?

If there are no requirements we try to gather as much details as possible from:

Business Analysts Developers (If accessible) Previous Version documentation (if any) Stake holders (If accessible) Prototypes.

What is White box testing/unit testing?

Unit testing - The most 'micro' scale of testing; to test particular functions or code modules. Typically done by the programmer and not by testers, as it requires detailed knowledge of the internal program design and code. Not always easily done unless the application has a well-designed architecture with tight code; may require developing test driver modules or test harnesses.

Difference between Black and White box testing?

Black box testing: Functional testing based on requirements with no knowledge of the internal program structure or data. Also known as closed-box testing.

White Box testing: Testing approaches that examine the program structure and device test data from the program logic.

What are the roles of glass-box and black-box testing tools?

Glass-box testing also called as white-box testing refers to testing, with detailed knowledge of the modules internals. Thus these tools concentrate more on the algorithms, data structures used in development of modules. These tools perform testing on individual modules more likely than the whole application. Black-Box testing tools refer to testing the interface, functionality and performance testing of the system module and the whole system.

What is Black box testing?

Black Box testing is also called system testing which is performed by the testers. Here the features and requirements of the product as described in the requirement document are tested.

What is Integration testing?

Integration testing - Testing of combined parts of an application to determine if they function together correctly. The 'parts' can be code modules, individual applications, client and server applications on a network, etc. This type of testing is especially relevant to client/server and distributed systems.

What knowledge you require to do white box, integration and black box testing?

For white box testing you need to understand the internals of the module like data structures and algorithms and have access to the source code and for black box testing only understanding/functionality of the application.

What is Regression testing?

Regression testing: Re-testing after fixes or modifications of the software or its environment. It can be difficult to determine how much re-testing is needed, especially near the end of the development cycle. Automated testing tools can be especially useful for this type of testing..

Why do we do regression testing?

In any application new functionalities can be added so the application has to be tested to see whether the added functionalities have affected the existing functionalities or not. Here instead of retesting all the existing functionalities baseline scripts created for these can be rerun and tested.

How do we regression testing?

Various automation-testing tools can be used to perform regression testing like WinRunner, Rational Robot and Silk Test.

What are positive scenarios?

Testing to see whether the application is doing what it is supposed to do.

What are negative scenarios?

Testing to see whether the application is not doing what it is not suppose to do.

What is the difference between regression automation tool and performance automation tool?

Regression testing tools capture test and play them back at a later time. The capture and playback feature is fundamental to regression testing.

Performance testing tool determine the load a server can handle. And must have feature to stimulate many users from one machine, scheduling and synchronize different users, able to measure the network load under different number of simulated users.

What is the difference between exception and validation testing?

Validation testing aims to demonstrate that the software functions in a manner that can be reasonably expected by the customer. Testing the software in conformance to the Software Requirements Specifications.

Exception testing deals with handling the exceptions (unexpected events) while the AUT is run. Basically this testing involves how to change the control flow of the AUT when an exception arises.

What is user acceptance testing?

It is also called as Beta Testing. Once System Testing is done and the system seems stable to the developers and testers, system engineers usually invite the end users of the software to see if they like the software. If the users like the software the way it is then software will be delivered to the user. Otherwise necessary changes will be made to the software and software will pass through all phases of testing again.

What is manual testing and what is automated testing?

Manual testing involves testing of software application by manually performing the actions on the AUT based on test plans.

Automated testing involves testing of a software application by performing the actions on the AUT by using automated testing tool (such as Quick Test Professional, WinRunner, LoadRunner, Rational Root) based on test plans

What is smoke testing?

The smoke test must evolve as the system evolves. At first, the smoke test will probably test something simple, such as whether the system can say, "Hello, World." As the system develops, the smoke test will become more thorough. The first test might take a matter of seconds to run; as the system grows, the smoke test can grow to 30 minutes, an hour, or more.

What is soak testing?

The software system will be run for a total of 14 hours continuously. If the system is a control system, it will be used to continuously move each of the instrument mechanisms during this time. Any other system will be expected to perform its intended function continuously during this period. The software system must not fail during this period.

What is stress testing, performance testing, Security testing, Recovery testing and volume testing.

Stress testing: Testing the system if it can handle peak usage period loads that result from large number of simultaneous users, transactions or devices. Monitoring should be performed for throughput and system stability.

Performance Testing: Testing the system whether the system functions are being performed in an acceptable timeframe under simultaneous user load. Timings for both read and update transactions should be gathered to determine whether. This should be done stand-alone and then in a multi-user environment to determine the transaction throughput.

Security Testing: Testing the system for its security from unauthorized use and unauthorized data access.

Recovery Testing: Testing a system to see how it responds to errors and abnormal conditions, such as system crash, loss of device, communications, or power.

Volume Testing: Testing to the system to determine if it can correctly process large volumes of data fed to the system. Systems can often respond unpredictably when large volume causes files to overflow and need extensions.

What is MR?

MR is a Modification Request also known as Defect Report, a request to modify the program so that program does what it is supposed to do.

Why you write MR?

MR is written for reporting problems/errors or suggestions in the software.

What information does MR contain?


Describe me to the basic elements you put in a defect report?


What is the procedure for bug reporting?

The bug needs to be communicated and assigned to developers that can fix it. After the problem is resolved, fixes should be re-tested, and determinations made regarding requirements for regression testing to check that fixes didn't create problems elsewhere. If a problem-tracking system is in place, it should encapsulate these processes. A variety of commercial problem-tracking/management software tools are available.

The following are items to consider in the tracking process:

Complete information such that developers can understand the bug, get an idea of its severity, and reproduce it if necessary. Current bug status (e.g., 'Released for Retest', 'New', etc.) The application name or identifier and version The function, module, feature, object, screen, etc. where the bug occurred Environment specifics, system, platform, relevant hardware specifics Test case name/number/identifier One-line bug description Full bug description Description of steps needed to reproduce the bug if not covered by a test case or if the developer doesn't have easy access to the test case/test script/test tool Names and/or descriptions of file/data/messages/etc. used in test File excerpts/error messages/log file excerpts/screen shots/test tool logs that would be helpful in finding the cause of the problem Severity estimate (a 5-level range such as 1-5 or 'critical'-to-'low' is common) Was the bug reproducible? Tester name Test date Bug reporting date Name of developer/group/organization the problem is assigned to Description of problem cause Description of fix Code section/file/module/class/method that was fixed Date of fix Application version that contains the fix Tester responsible for retest Retest date Retest results Regression testing requirements Tester responsible for regression tests Regression testing results

Which MR tool you used to write MR?

Quality Center, Test Director, Rational ClearQuest, PVCS Tracker

What criteria you will follow to assign severity and due date to the MR?

Defects (MR) are assigned severity as follows:

Critical: show stoppers (the system is unusable)

High: The system is very hard to use and some cases are prone to convert to critical issues if not taken care of.

Medium: The system functionality has a major bug but is not too critical but needs to be fixed in order for the AUT to go to production environment.

Low: cosmetic (GUI related)

If the functionality of an application had an inbuilt bug because of which the test script fails, would you automate the test?

No, we do the automation once the application is tested manually and it is stabilized. Automation is for regression testing.

You find a bug and the developer says "It's not possible" what do u do?

I'll discuss with him under what conditions (working environment) the bug was produced. I'll provide him with more details and the snapshot of the bug.

How do you help developer to track the fault s in the software?

By providing him with details of the defects which include the environment, test data, steps followed etc and helping him to reproduce the defect in his environment.

What are the different types of MRs?

MR for suggestions,

MR for defect reports,

MR for documentations changes

What is the role of a bug tracking system?

Bug tracking system captures, manages and communicates changes, issues and tasks, providing basic process control to ensure coordination and communication within and across development and content teams at every step..

What is a successful product?

A bug free product, meeting the expectations of the user would make the product successful.

What Process/Methodologies are you familiar with?

Waterfall methodology

Spiral methodology

V Model


[Or talk about Customized methodology of the specific client]

What are CMM and CMMI? What is the difference?

The Capability Maturity Model for Software (CMM or SW-CMM) is a model for judging the maturity of the software processes of an organization and for identifying the key practices that are required to increase the maturity of these processes.

The Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) provides the guidance for improving your organization's processes and your ability to manage the development, acquisition, and maintenance of products and services. CMMIntegration places proven practices into a structure that helps your organization assess its organizational maturity and process area capability, establish priorities for improvement, and guide the implementation of these improvements.

The new integrated model (CMMI) uses Process Areas (known as PAs) which are different to the previous model, and covers as well systems as software processes, rather than only software processes as in the SW-CMM.

What you will do during the first day of job?

Get acquainted with my team and application

What was the test team hierarchy?

Project Leader

QA lead

QA Analyst


What are the different automation tools you know?

Automation tools provided by Mercury Interactive Quick Test Professionl, WinRunner, LoadRunner; Rational Rational Robot; Segue- SilkTest.

What is ODBC?

Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application-programming interface (API) for accessing a database. ODBC is based on Structured Query Language (SQL) Call-Level Interface. It allows programs to use SQL requests that will access databases without having to know the proprietary interfaces to the databases. ODBC handles the SQL request and converts it into a request the individual database system understands.

Did you ever have problems working with developers?

NO. I had a good rapport with the developers.

Describe your experience with code analyzers?

Code analyzers generally check for bad syntax, logic, and other language-specific programming errors at the source level. This level of testing is often referred to as unit testing and server component testing. I used code analyzers as part of white box testing.

How do you survive chaos?

I survive by maintaining my calm and focusing on the work.

Tell me about the worst boss you've ever had.

Fortunately I always had the best bosses, talking in professional terms I had no complains on my bosses.

What do you like about Windows?

Interface and User friendliness

Windows is one the best software I ever used. It is user friendly and very easy to learn.

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